Category Archives: Ecotones

Michael Reynolds: A Life in Music Beginning in Bozeman

Born in Bozeman soon after his parents moved here to take a position at the then Montana State College, Michael Reynolds, has stayed true to the family tradition. His father, Creech Reynolds was the co-founder of the Bozeman Symphony Orchestra and the InterMountain Opera. His mother, Patricia Reynolds, founded the orchestra program at Bozeman High School. Mike co-founded the internationally renowned and Grammy Award winning Muir Quartet at the age of 23!

He has taught cello at Boston University’s College of Fine Arts since 1983, as well as having served on the faculties of The New England Conservatory, Rutgers University, the University of Utah, and UC Santa Cruz. He received an honorary doctorate from Rhode Island College in 1995.

He is co-founder and Director of The Classics for Kids Foundation http://(www.classicsforkids.org), as well as The Montana Chamber Music Society, the first statewide chamber music society in America. http://(montanachambermusicsociety.org)

In his spare time he is an avid flyfisherman and outdoorsman, and he has been featured in Fly Rod and Reel and The American Flyfisher.

On the occasion of the Muir Quartet’s upcoming concert at The Reynolds Recital Hall on December 9, 2022, we spoke with Mike via Skype.

Wild Earth Guardians/Project Coyote MT Wolf Lawsuit

On October 27, 2022, attorneys for two environmental organizations, WildEarth Guardians and Project Coyote, a project of Earth Island Institute, filed a lawsuit against The State of Montana, by and through the MT Dept of Fish, Wildlife and Parks, and the MT Fish & Wildlife Commission. The suit was filed in MT First Judicial District Court in Lewis & Clark County.

The case named, WildEarth Guardians v. FWP, Cause No. DDV-25-2022 DK, alleges that the state’s wolf hunting and trapping policies violate the Montana Constitution, Montana Administrative Procedure Act, Public Trust Doctrine, and several federal laws meant to protect wildlife on federally-managed lands.

On November 10, 2022, a motion was filed asking The Court to prohibit the start of the state’s wolf-trapping season, as well as immediately halt the on-going wolf-hunting season, while the merits of the lawsuit are being considered. The conservation groups filed the time-sensitive motion with the wolf trapping and snaring season set to begin on November 28, 2022. The hunting season began in September. This motion asks the court to issue a temporary restraining order, followed by a preliminary injunction, to stop all recreational killing of wolves in the state pending resolution of the lawsuit.

On November 15, 2022, District Court Judge Christopher D. Abbott, granted a partial Temporary Restraining Order, with a hearing set for November 28, 2022. It’s set to expire November 29, 2022 at 5:00 p.m. The partial TRO requires MFWP to return to 2020 regulations with respect to wolf hunting and trapping quotas and “bag limits”, prohibits the use of snares, and limits quotas in former WMUs 110 (bordering Glacier NP), 313, and 316 (bordering Yellowstone NP).

In the 2021-2022 season, 273 wolves were killed by hunters and trappers—including 19 Yellowstone wolves—with nearly 70 percent of the wolves killed, after the trapping season began. As of November 15, 2022, hunters had already killed 56 wolves, while regulations permit hunters and trappers to kill an additional 395 wolves before the season ends in March 2023. The motion alleges that the conservation groups’ interests will be harmed beyond repair, if the court allows the hunting and trapping season to proceed while they fully litigate their case.

The motion—and the underlying lawsuit—claim that there are significant flaws in the population model used to estimate the total number of wolves in the state, and that since the quota of 456 wolves for this season relies upon a flawed population model, reaching the quota could have devastating consequences on the state’s wolf population. The motion states, “Montana does not have an accurate picture of how many wolves are living in Montana, and cannot sustainably and legally manage the species through another wolf hunt this winter.”

A listener asked us to investigate, and we share interviews with four people knowledgeable about the issues, Lizzy Pennock, an attorney with WildEarth Guardians;

Greg Lemon, Administrator of MFWP’s Communication and Education Division;

Pat Byorth, MT Fish & Wildlife Commissioner for Region 3, below

Michael Waasegijig Price, of The GREAT LAKES INDIAN FISH & WILDLIFE COMMISSION, which joined six tribes, who sued the state of Wisconsin in September of 2021 to prevent further wolf slaughter there.

Documents, articles and links pertinent to this episode of Ecotones:

To find out more: http://wildearthguardians.org and http://fwp.mt.gov

Judge rules against suspending Montana wolf hunts while lawsuit proceeds https://montanafreepress.org/2022/11/29/wolf-hunting-regulations-reinstated-while-lawsuit-proceeds/

Montana Judge Won’t Halt Gov. Greg Gianforte’s Aggressive Wolf Hunt https://theintercept.com/2022/11/30/wolf-hunt-montana-judge/

Wildlife advocates sue to stop unscientific, senseless wolf slaughter in Montana https://wildearthguardians.org/press-releases/wildlife-advocates-sue-to-stop-unscientific-senseless-wolf-slaughter-in-montana/#:~:text=HELENA%2C%20MONTANA%E2%80%94Conservation%20groups%20WildEarth%20Guardians%20and%20Project%20Coyote%2C,laws%20meant%20to%20protect%20wildlife%20on%20federally-managed%20lands.

Text of the lawsuit: https://pdf.wildearthguardians.org/support_docs/Montana-Lewis-and-Clark-First-Judicial-Wolf-Lawsuit-10-27-2022.pdf

Text of the motion for temporary restraining order & preliminary injunction https://pdf.wildearthguardians.org/support_docs/2022-11-10-Petitioners’-Brief-in-Support-of-Preliminary-Injunction.pdf

Judge restores gray wolf protections, reviving federal recovery efforts https://wildearthguardians.org/press-releases/judge-restores-gray-wolf-protections-reviving-federal-recovery-efforts/

MT Wolf Conservation & Management Planning Doc 2002 https://fwp.mt.gov/binaries/content/assets/fwp/conservation/wildlife-reports/wolf/mt-wolf-conservation-and-management-plan.pdf

The Administrative Procedure Act: How the public can drive agency regulations https://wildearthguardians.org/brave-new-wild/opinion/the-administrative-procedure-act-how-the-public-can-drive-agency-regulations/

Improving Estimation of Wolf Recruitment & Abundance, etc. https://fwp.mt.gov/binaries/content/assets/fwp/conservation/wildlife-reports/wolf/1-montana-wolf-monitoring-study-final-report-compressed.pdf

Defend gray wolves in Montana https://wildearthguardians.org/brave-new-wild/opinion/defend-gray-wolves-in-montana/

Integrating basic and applied research to estimate carnivore abundance https://esajournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/eap.2714

Montana Wolf Harvest https://experience.arcgis.com/experience/34fbb4c9509e45959f6291965388c345

One season, 456 dead wolves: that’s the reality in Montana right now https://wildearthguardians.org/brave-new-wild/opinion/one-season-456-dead-wolves-thats-the-reality-in-montana-right-now/

Wisconsin Tribes Sue the State for Treaty Violations Over Wolf Hunt https://earthjustice.org/news/press/2021/wisconsin-tribes-sue-the-state-for-treaty-violations-over-wolf-hunt

Into the History of Wolves https://intotheoutdoors.org/segments/into-the-history-of-wolves/

Indigenous activists look to Rights of Nature laws to stop fracking https://prismreports.org/2022/10/20/indigenous-rights-of-nature-stop-fracking/

FWP enforcement chief to retire after being placed on leave https://www.bozemandailychronicle.com/news/environment/fwp-enforcement-chief-to-retire-after-being-placed-on-leave/article_a7b7e3ae-91a3-5d69-a504-1327dfaee03f.html

The Fight to Stop Republicans From Killing Wolves and Grizzlies https://theintercept.com/2022/11/05/wolf-grizzly-bear-hunt-endangered/?utm_medium=email&utm_source=The%20Intercept%20Newsletter

In Reviewing Wolves’ Endangered Status, Martha Williams Confronts Her Montana Past https://theintercept.com/2022/09/29/wolves-endangered-species-martha-williams/

ROCKY MOUNTAIN MASSACRE: Was Yellowstone’s Deadliest Wolf in 100 Years an Inside Job? https://theintercept.com/2022/07/20/wolves-yellowstone-ranger-montana-greg-gianforte/

H.R. 6784 (115th): Manage our Wolves Act https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/115/hr6784

Prominent Scientists Push Back Against Delisting Grizzly Bears: Op-Ed https://mountainjournal.org/prominent-scientists-say-removing-grizzly-bears-from-federal-protection-in-west-is-bad-idea

Kay Roseen Gallatin Valley Packathon for Haiti 2022

A year ago we interviewed Kay Roseen, president of Future Forward for Haiti, about the 2021 Gallatin Valley Packathon for Haiti. Over 400 local volunteers gathered at Hope Lutheran Church and packed 8 tons of food into packets to be prepared and served to the school children of the small village of Bois Negresse near the southeastern border of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. That provided over 75,000 meals – one meal every week day to those children for a full year.

This year, Future Forward for Haiti is again organizing a Gallatin Valley Packathon for Haiti at Hope Lutheran Church on October 15, and they are looking for 500 volunteers to pack 10 tons of food, which will yield 100,000 meals!

We spoke with Kay Roseen to find out more about the packathon, as well as the challenges in getting food and other assistance to the children of Haiti under increasingly difficult and dangerous circumstances. She tells us that Miraculously, Future Forward For Haiti and their partner, Feed the Hunger, with their local partners in Haiti, are succeeding – where larger, international organizations are less successful.

For more information, to register, or to donate, click on this link: https://www.futureforwardforhaiti.org/gvpackathon

To read the article referenced in this interview:

‘This Is It. This Is Our Chance.’ It’s Time for Everyone to Get Out of Haiti’s Way. https://www.nytimes.com/2022/10/12/opinion/haiti-montana-accords-reparations.html

Haiti looting caused loss of some $6 million in relief supplies, WFP says https://news.yahoo.com/haiti-looting-caused-loss-6-213631343.html

David Andes: Great-Great Grandson of John E. Reese

David Andes’ ancestry goes back farther than most of European descent here in the Gallatin Valley. David shared his family’s stories with us on September 13, 2022. And what stories they are…

John E. Reese
Gallatin History Museum Photograph Archives. P5318N.

His Great-Great Grandfather, John Reese, moved his family from Wales, after having been converted to Mormonism by Brigham Young, himself. The Reese family narrowly escaped being executed in the new Salt Lake City… after refusing to give their young daughter over to be a 3rd or 4th wife for a Mormon bishop, trying to leave, being captured by the Dannites, Brigham Young’s quasi-military police force, returned to Salt Lake City and scheduled for execution, but they were rescued by the US Cavalry, & moved to Montana, where they eventually settled north of Bozeman, along what is now known as Reese Creek.

Tintype of John E. Reese and Mary Davis Reese
View of Reese Creek taken from Cemetery Hill, looking East.
(Gallatin History Museum Photograph Archives, Frank Norman, donor. P7608N)

There the family history continued: A run-away bride, a posse chasing the groom with intent to kill, and more.

Mary Jane Reece Wells and John Harvey Wells

Andes House in Andes, MT (c.1913). The sod kitchen is on the right behind the house. The room to the left was a bedroom added for David’s grandparents. 6 of the eventual 10 children are shown. The photo’s frame was made from wood from the barn his grandfather built in 1911, salvaged and chosen to feature a bullet (lodged in the lower left) likely shot by one of his uncles, who were known for often shooting guns around the house.

His grandson, young Reese, is the seventh generation to live here in Gallatin Valley. You can read more in his article, Stories My Mother Told Me, in the Gallatin History quarterly, Volume 43, No. 4, from 2020. You can also find his photo next to that of Alan Turing at the American Computer & Robotics Museum.

https://www.gallatinhistorymuseum.org/

https://acrmuseum.org/

Ecotones – Butch Larcombe – MONTANA DISASTERS: True Stories of Treasure State Tragedies and Triumphs

When we read Bozeman Daily Chronicle’s Managing Editor, Michael Wright’s article headlined, “New book examines major disasters of Montana’s past,” on the very first day of 2022, we just had to find out more.

The piece was about Butch Larcombe and his book, MONTANA DISASTERS: TRUE STORIES OF TREASURE STATE TRAGEDIES AND TRIUMPHS, published in December 2021 by Farcountry Press in Helena.

Butch Larcombe is a fourth-generation Montanan who grew up in Malta. He worked for more than thirty years as a reporter and editor for Montana newspapers and at Montana Magazine.

We spoke with him from his home near Bigfork on January 12, 2022.

The Methodist church in Three Forks sustained heavy damage from the 1925 Clarkston Valley earthquake. U.S. Geological Survey

Articles pertinent to this interview:

New book examines major disasters of Montana’s past https://www.bozemandailychronicle.com/news/dailyfeatures/new-book-examines-major-disasters-of-montanas-past/article_abee918f-01b6-5839-80ff-f2c074716883.html

Groups request independent investigation into Hebgen Dam malfunction https://www.bozemandailychronicle.com/news/environment/groups-request-independent-investigation-into-hebgen-dam-malfunction/article_44784f51-0113-5f11-b766-c6e07bdc95fe.html

‘Worst in history’ https://www.bozemandailychronicle.com/news/worst-in-history/article_3574a1c0-ab7e-588b-a183-34e972994c60.html

Authorities identify victim from explosion https://infoweb.newsbank.com/apps/news/document-view?p=NewsBank&t=pubname%3ABZMB%21Bozeman%2BDaily%2BChronicle%2B%2528MT%2529/year%3A2009%212009/mody%3A0309%21March%2B09&action=browse&year=2009&format=text&docref=news/126D81DE4E5DFE68

30 homes destroyed in Bridger Foothills fire https://www.bozemandailychronicle.com/news/30-homes-destroyed-in-bridger-foothills-fire/article_538b6f6e-3508-51e7-a8f9-7e39c2a1f860.html

The Hebgen Lake Earthquake http://kgvm.org/show/the-hebgen-lake-earthquake/

Ecotones: Angella Ahn

Angella Ahn is the virtuoso violinist in the Ahn Trio, MSU Bozeman School of Music Faculty member, Artistic Director of Montana Chamber Music Society, Member of the Montana Arts Council and much more.

We spoke with her on October 21, 2021 about her life, her career, her many contributions to Bozeman and Montana culture – and for that matter the world’s. She has performed in all 50 states and at least 30 countries.

From appearing on the cover of Time magazine as a child in 1987, or performing at the White House in 2011, she graces us with her joie de vivre, love of music and embodiment of how to live in a state of gratitude and giving.

You may wish to learn more about the Montana Chamber Music Society: http://montanachambermusicsociety.org

This Season 11 Episode 1101 of 11th & Grant features Angella Ahn & Friends: https://www.pbs.org/video/11th-and-grant-angella-ahn-friends/

Education: The New Whiz Kids – Why Asian Americans are doing so well, and what it costs them http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,965326,00.html

You can hear this very first edition of Ecotones with Sada Schumann and view her award winning History Day documentary, “Defining Korea: How Conflict and Compromise Shaped a Nation” here: http://kgvm.org/show/sada-schumann/

Ecotones: Kay Roseen – Gallatin Valley Packathon for Haiti

Kay Roseen is the guiding light behind Gallatin Valley Packathon for Haiti., which is a free, inter-generational, fun work event to relieve hunger for Haitian children. She explains how listeners can help pack 6 tons – yes, tons – of rice, beans, dehydrated vegetables and vitamins into 7,500 school lunches for children whose families cannot afford to feed them every day.

If you want to join other Gallatin Valley volunteers you can find out more, or register, at GallatinValleyPackathon.org and sign up. There are 2 hour time slots on Friday evening October 15 from 6 to 8, and then on Saturday, October 16 beginning at 9a.m., noon, 3 or 6pm at Hope Lutheran Church.

You can find out more about this work here: https://www.futureforwardforhaiti.org/

Carrie Krause – Baroque Music Montana

Carrie Krause is the Bozeman Symphony Orchestra’s Concert Master, as well as the Founder/Director of Baroque Music Montana.

She founded The Second String Orchestra in 2010 for amateur musicians.

She teaches young people in her studio of about 25 students.

We spoke with Carrie on September 30, 2021 about Baroque Music Montana’s historic performance at Gallatin High School’s Auditorium on October 9, 2021, which is the first public performance there. This event, “Amadeus: The Concert,” also features our wonderful high school chamber ensemble, Kamarata.

Ecotones: The Bozeman Symphony – Norman Huynh & Emily Paris-Martin

After an hiatus due to the Sars CoV2 pandemic in the Spring of 2021, next Saturday on September 25, 2021, the Bozeman Symphony resumes its concerts with a live performance in The Wilson Auditorium, featuring the world premiere of the piece they commissioned by composer in residence, Scott Lee, THE LAST BEST PLACE. In addition, internationally acclaimed Cellist Julian Schwarz, will be the soloist performing Samuel Barber’s Concerto for Cello and Orchestra.

Tchaikovsky’s Symphony No. 4 provides a profound and portentous finale for this first concert of the new season, and provides a perfect platform for new music director, Norman Huynh, to share his gifts as an interpreter of music ranging here from the 19th to 21st centuries.

We spoke with Norman Huynh, music director, and Emily Paris-Martin, Executive Director, of the Bozeman Symphony on September 14, 2021 about the current realities of the symphony, as well as their visions for its future.

Housing First Village

What do you call it when a deacon from a local church gets to thinking about how to solve a problem, in this case, chronic homelessness, learns of other communities building tiny houses, goes to the Bozeman city offices to find out about building code requirements, and meets an Architecture Professor, who just happens to direct the MSU Community Design Center? Coincidence? Synchronicity? Serendipity? A God Moment? Whatever you call it, that meeting in the Fall of 2016 led to a collaboration involving local churches, Montana State University’s School of Architecture, the non-profit, HRDC, local businesses and individuals culminating in the creation of The Housing First Village, which is being built on the north 7th area of Bozeman. It is part of an innovative plan to centralize services for those chronically challenged with issues such as homelessness, food insecurity, etc.

We spoke with three members of the Gallatin Valley Interfaith Association, Rev. Connie Campbell-Pearson, who was the St. James Episcopal Church deacon who went to the city offices on that fateful day in 2016, along with Rev. Jody McDevitt of First Presbyterian Church and Amanda Cater of the Unitarian Universalist Fellowship of Bozeman. They organized other local religious groups to raise $139,000 to build tiny homes in the Housing First Village.

In part two, we spoke with the head of the MSU School of Architecture, Ralph Johnson, about how graduate and undergraduate students in their Community Design Center contributed to the project.

It has now grown under the aegis of HRDC, which is working to build the Food and Resource Center, a nearly 32,000-square-foot building that will become the new home of the Gallatin Valley Food Bank and Fork and Spoon restaurant, along with other HRDC programs. Of the planned 19 tiny homes to be constructed, 12 are nearing completion with occupancy hoped to begin in the Fall of 2021.

You can view this short video produced by HRDC “The Making of Housing First Village” here: https://vimeo.com/583977147

More details can be found in Professor Johnson’s paper, HOMELESSNESS: A Critical Approach to Architecture and Planning, here: https://www.witpress.com/Secure/elibrary/papers/SDP18/SDP18057FU1.pdf

Articles pertinent to this program:

HRDC plans to combat growing food insecurity with new project https://www.bozemandailychronicle.com/news/city/hrdc-plans-to-combat-growing-food-insecurity-with-new-project/article_e3eafff9-268e-5d9b-9187-4a57bc37d996.html

MSU architecture students debut tiny shelter prototype for community’s homeless https://www.montana.edu/news/17716/

Rezoning In Livingston As Cities Consider Tiny Homes As Solution To Housing Shortage https://www.mtpr.org/montana-news/2021-08-19/rezoning-in-livingston-as-cities-consider-tiny-homes-as-solution-to-housing-shortage

Nearly half of American workers don’t earn enough to afford a one-bedroom rental https://www.theguardian.com/society/2021/aug/12/housing-renter-affordable-data-map

Technology services company commonFont makes $500,000 donation to HRDC’s Griffin Place https://www.montanarightnow.com/bozeman/technology-services-company-commonfont-makes-500-000-donation-to-hrdc-s-griffin-place/article_6ff5f74c-d24c-11ea-8b93-5b34465df46e.html

Police, organizations help with homelessness outreach in Bozeman https://www.bozemandailychronicle.com/news/city/police-organizations-help-with-homelessness-outreach-in-bozeman/article_4ae1c7b1-628b-534d-9c6a-76a3303d3503.html

The Great Eliminator: How Ronald Reagan Made Homelessness Permanent https://www.sfweekly.com/news/the-great-eliminator-how-ronald-reagan-made-homelessness-permanent/